Annie Oakley did not get an education because she started hunting at the age of nine to support her mother and her siblings. After her father died, Annie's mother remarried and was widowed a second time. She sold hunted game for money and eventually paid off the mortgage on their house. Her talent landed her a role in Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show which gave her fame and recognition as America's first female superstar. Annie married Frank Butler and assisted him with his tours. When Frank realized that Annie was more talented, he took on the role of her assistant and business manager. Annie performed before Queen Victoria and once at Sitting Bull's request, she knocked the ashes off the cigarette held by Kaiser Wilhelm II.