How Did The Role Of The Artist Change During The Romantic Period?


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Rachel Sharp answered
There was a significant change in how artists were perceived during the Romantic period. Previously, the artist was viewed as a skilled craftsman - a bit like a horseshoe maker or a basketweaver.

It was during the Romantic period that artists came to be understood as individualistic, a view that still holds today. The stamp of 'artistic genius' was recognized. Artworks came to be celebrated for conveying the unique idiosyncrasies of a particular artist.
The poet Byron personified the idea of the artist-genius, defiant and original in his expression. The English painter Turner marked a change in the way that paintings were viewed. His sensuous, emotive paintings conveyed his own feelings in response to the landscape. In contrast to previous more classical works, Turner's paintings showed how the artist's unique interpretation was valued.

The way that paintings were produced had also changed. In the studios of Rubens and Rembrandt, a whole team of assistants helped to create a painting. During the Romantic period, the emphasis on artistic identity meant that an artwork was usually painted by one artist only. This idea is still prevalent today.

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