Define and explain the concept Research process?


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Khadija Brohi answered
A research problem is  the situation that causes the researcher to feel apprehensive, confused and ill at ease.  It is the demarcation of a problem area within a certain context involving the WHO or WHAT, the WHERE, the WHEN and the WHY of the problem situation.

There are many problem situations that may give rise to reseach.  Three sources usually contribute to problem identification.  Own experience or the experience of others may be a source of problem supply.  A second source could be scientific literature.  You may read about certain findings and notice that a certain field was not covered.  This could lead to a research problem.  Theories could be a third source.  Shortcomings in theories could be researched.

Research can thus be aimed at clarifying or substantiating an existing theory, at clarifying contradictory findings, at correcting a faulty methodology, at correcting the inadequate or unsuitable use of statistical techniques, at reconciling conflicting opinions, or at solving existing practical problems.

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