Major historical developments of the U.S. Courts?Be sure to outline the dual court system of the United States and analyze the correlation between the previously described historical developments and the dual court system of the United States.


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Connor Sephton Profile
Connor Sephton answered
The Dual Court system, which is active in the United States of America, refers to the difference between State and Federal governments. This dates back to 1789, when the first 13 original colonies had developed court systems based on the system in England.

As a general rule, the Federal government and court deals with issues which occur on a national level. However, each of the State governments and courts are responsible for matters which occur within their own state. They should not be involved in matters in other states. The government or authority of a state may interpret federal law differently, which is why different states have different rules and regulations, and deal with trials and jurisdiction differently.

There have been a number of developments in the US courts and judicial system. These include:

• The creation and introduction of the concept of probation
• Parole
• The use of a juvenile court

The factors listed above have one major feature in common - they were all introduced by The Progressives. Broadly speaking, the Progressives were a group of political thinkers and activists whose work took place towards the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries.

They were unhappy with the many limitations of the dual court system and believed that a more complex system was necessary. Their basic aim was to eliminate corruption and inequality in America - they believed that every human being had the potential to be or become perfect.

As a result, the concepts listed above were introduced. The above concepts have had an effect throughout America, as most, if not all, of the American states and commonwealths now have in effect a system equal or similar to those listed above.

These systems have resulted in the reform of a number of prisoners, and the recognition that young offenders need to be treated differently.
Jake Hamilton Profile
Jake Hamilton answered

  The correlation is the very system they share.  Its evolved but still is accessible and providing  rules of the land.

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