- What is obstetrics?
Looking after both the mother and her unborn child in the months of pregnancy, obstetrics plays an extremely important role in ensuring the safety and well being of both during this significant time.
Women are asked to register with an obstetrician after roughly 12 weeks, allowing them to see the developments occur, and create a background knowledge of the various situations that may occur.
- What is gynecology?
Gynecology is an area of medicine that focuses purely on any illnesses and conditions that may occur within a woman's reproductive organs. It is an area that is very closely linked with obstetrics, as the majority of gynecologists are obstetricians too.
There are a lot of structures and organs that a gynecologist must study, some of which you would perhaps not expect. These include breasts, ovaries, vagina, uterus, vulva, oviducts and the cervix, and there are a variety of common issues that can be found within these, such as infections, malignant and benign tumors, injuries, such as those that may happen during the birth of a child, congenital defects, problems with sex hormones, and inflammations.
Gynecologists also have to consider the various troubles that may arise within the female reproductive system that are not due to the interference of pathogens, such as menstrual problems and sterility.