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How To Write An Abstract For A Project?

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An abstract is a short summary of your completed research. It should include only brief outlines of all major areas of your study, including the motivation for carrying out your study, the methods that you used, a brief result and conclusion section. If done well, it makes the reader want to learn more about your research.

These are the basic components of an abstract in any discipline:

Motivation/problem statement:  Here you need to briefly discuss why you have chosen this area of study/research, as well as listing the practical, scientific theoretical or artistic gap in which your research will be filling. It is also wise to mention your hypothesis within this section as well. In the full report of your research you will discuss all these areas further as well as defining the key terms that come up in your study such as defining VO2 Max in a study about the affects of VO2 Max on individual’s performance of sports. 

Methods/procedure/approach: Here you should briefly describe how your study will be carried out. In your full report you will write about what equipment you used and why it was used. You should also go through all the stages that you did to carry out your study so that if someone was reading your report and wanted to check your findings they could simply carry out the experiment themselves by following your report.

Results/findings/product: Here in your abstract you should briefly say what the results where and what you learned. This will be reported properly in your full report using tables and graphs to show the evidence for your findings. 

Conclusion/implications:  In this final part of both your abstract and your report you need to write about what the implications of your findings are. In addition to this, in your report you will also discuss what may have gone wrong in your study and how your study could be improved if repeated.

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