Who Are The Mathematicians Who Contributed On The Development Of Geometry?

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Geometry has a long, international history. Starting from the early beginnings of Geometry in Ancient Egypt and Babylonia, it went on to be studied and improved by mathematicians in Ancient Greece, such as Thales of Miletus, 635 to 543 BC; Pythagoras of Ionia, 582 to 496 BC; Plato, 427 to 347 BC; Aristotle, 384 to 265 BC; Euclid of Alexandria, 325 to 265 BC and Archimedes of Syracuse, 287 to 212 BC, as well as mathematicians in Ancient China, such as Mozi, 470 to 390 BC and Zu Chongzhi, 429 to 500 AD and Islamic mathematicians such as Al-Mahani, Al-Karaji and Thabit ibn Qurra.

  • The 17th Century
During this period in the history of geometry, some major developments were initiated by mathematicians such as French Franciscus Vieta, 1540 to 1603, Renee Descartes, 1596 to 1650 and Pierre de Fermat, 1601 to 1665, as well as Girard Desargues, 1591 to 1661. Other major developments came through Isaac Newton,1642 to 1727 and G. W. Von Leibniz,1646 to1716.

  • The 18th Century
This century brought excellent work from Legendre, Lambert and Saccheri, although the most important work was produced by Jean-Victor Poncelet, 1788 to 1867.

  • The 19th Century
During the 19th century, a list of mathematicians, including Johann Bolyai, Gauss, Lobatchewsky, Beltrami and David Hilbert all helped with the developments.

  • The 20th Century
More recent developments within the field of algebraic geometry saw studies of surfaces and curves over real and complex numbers, as well as finite fields. These studies were demonstrated and elaborated on by works of mathematicians such as Alexander Grothendieck, Andre Weil and Jean Pierre Serre.

There were, of course, many others who influenced the development and history of geometry. To list them all would require pages, but it is possible to find more information in lists of important mathematical publications.

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